Some diseases are closely linked to female biology.. With a good diagnosis many complications can sometimes be avoided, and all of them are related to the female reproductive organs.
In addition, diseases that men can also suffer from, although there is a much higher incidence in women. Whether due to genetics, lifestyle or hormonal processes, the truth is that they can also be considered women’s diseases as they are more common to suffer them.
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Top 10 most common women’s diseases
If you are born female there are some diseases more likely to suffer than if you are born male.. At a certain age it is important to be alert to any abnormal symptoms and have frequent check-ups. This allows early detection of any disease for better prognosis.
Women’s diseases are some of them, but there are also the most common ones that can be suffered. Below are those that are statistically more likely to manifest themselves, either due to environmental or genetic factors.
1. Breast cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer suffered by women in the world.. There is a possibility that a man may suffer from it, but the number of people affected is very low. It is very possible to cure it if it is detected in time by means of self-examination, ultrasound and mammography.
The main symptoms are the appearance of a nodule in the breast or armpit, pain in one of the breasts. There may also be changes in size, irregularities in the contour and changes in the nipple. If any of these changes occur, you should see a doctor immediately for a thorough check-up.
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2. Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is caused by the human papilloma virus.. The most frequent symptoms are bleeding between menses, pain and bleeding during intimate relations and increased vaginal discharge.
It is true that any of these symptoms can also have another origin, so it is best to confirm their origin. It is important to have check-ups with the gynecologist at least once a year.
3. Ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer can be prevented and cured if detected early.. The most common symptoms are continued swelling of the abdomen, pelvic pain and the need to urinate more frequently. However, these symptoms can sometimes appear to be confusing.
As with breast and cervical cancer, the recommendation is to keep constant check-ups with your doctor, as the symptoms may not be certain. Therapy can range from hormonal treatment to surgery or chemotherapy.
Fibroids are benign tumors that form in the wall of the pelvis. The appearance of fibroids causes intense swelling in the womb, irregular, heavy and painful menstruation and bleeding between menses.
To detect and diagnose fibroids, a gynecological examination and examination is necessary. Together with the pertinent studies, the type of treatment to be followed can be determined. It can range from hormone therapy to surgery to remove the fibroids.
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Endometriosis is a disorder caused by the growth of the endometrium outside the uterus.. The tissue that lines the womb is called endometrium, and when it grows in other pelvic areas, it produces endometriosis, causing severe pain and discomfort.
To make a correct diagnosis, laboratory or imaging studies are performed, and treatment may be hormonal or require surgery. Menstrual pain so intense that it prevents you from leading a normal life is not normal. In the event of this type of discomfort, a doctor should be consulted. Be careful because this disease is not always recognized.
Hemorrhoids are very common during pregnancy and after childbirth.. Although they are a problem that men can also suffer from, a high percentage of women will have them in their lifetime. One of the most common causes is tissue pressure during pregnancy.
Hemorrhoids are an inflammation of the veins of the rectum. One of the main causes is heavy straining and episodes of severe constipation, and they are common during pregnancy and childbirth. To prevent them, avoid constipation with a good lifestyle and consume enough fiber.
7. Varicose veins
Varicose veins are venous dilatations especially in the legs.. Sometimes they are merely an aesthetic problem, but they can also present serious and painful complications.
These dilatations are caused by alterations in the blood valves. They can cause heaviness, numbness, cramps and edema. Exercise, a healthy diet and not standing or sitting for too long are recommended for prevention.
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Migraine affects women three times more often than men. It is more common in women due to the frequent hormonal changes typical of menstruation and menopause.
These variations in estrogen levels cause intense headaches that can lead to migraine. To avoid it, it is recommended to drink a lot of water, avoid wine and caffeine and do not use hormonal contraceptives (use other alternatives).
Osteoporosis is an asymptomatic disease.. For this reason it requires constant review, especially after menopause, which is when osteoporosis usually appears.
This disease is due to the loss of bone density. The reduction in estrogen levels typical of menopause increases this problem, which results in greater fragility. This leads to more fractures caused by everyday accidents or, in some cases, even spontaneous fractures.
10. Emotional disorders
Some emotional disorders are more common in women than in men.. From adolescence onwards, it is estimated that women suffer seven times more problems of this kind than men. Anxiety crises, anxiety, phobias, eating disorders or insomnia are among the most common.
Although these conditions are not exclusive to women, it is known that they occur to a greater extent in women due to social, family, cultural and biological factors. One way to prevent them is by attending therapy or performing physical and/or relaxing activities.
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