Abortion is a controversial issue around the worldIn some cases it is accepted by nations while in other countries it is prohibited. It is the termination of pregnancy, which can be totally natural, spontaneous or induced.
There are many reasons why a woman can undergo any of the types of abortion, both natural and induced; and since we always want to tell you the truth, we will tell you everything about each of the following types of abortion. the 9 types of abortion that can occur.
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What is an abortion?
When we talk about abortion we refer to the interruption of pregnancy, or more specifically, to the interruption of the gestation of the embryo abruptly during the first 180 days. during the first 180 days. When this happens, regardless of whether it is natural or induced, the fetus dies and we expel it from our body.
The reasons for miscarriage can be many and vary in each woman. In any case, spontaneous and natural miscarriages are quite common. In fact, 15% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. 15% of pregnancies end in miscarriages, and even 40% result in miscarriages.and even 40% result in miscarriages or early miscarriages.
However, when it comes to induced miscarriages, the causes are completely different. Sometimes we find it necessary to provoke an abortion because the baby is malformed.
At other times we are simply not ready or do not want to be mothers, it is either an unwanted pregnancy or we do not have the necessary resources to take care of the baby to come. In the worst cases, we opt for abortion because the pregnancy is the result of rape.
Whatever the situation, as the sole owners of our bodies, we must be free to make the decision we need to make. In any case, even today there are countries where induced abortion is prohibitedThere are others where it is only allowed in certain cases and a few that leave it up to women to decide whether or not they want to become mothers.
Women who live in countries that do not accept abortion under any circumstances, have to go to clandestine clinics and must risk their lives to have an abortion, even if they have been victims of rape, so many people still fight for the legalization of abortion. Statistics in hand, it seems that in Spain the abortion rate has been decreasing in recent years, as reported in El País.
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Types of abortion
As we were saying, the types of abortion range from spontaneous to induced abortions, that is to say, those that we provoke. There are those who include within this classification of types of abortion the reasons why we have an abortion.
1. Spontaneous abortion
Spontaneous abortion is the one that happens due to natural causes, where we expel the fetus, which is the cause of the abortion.where we expel the fetus, or even the embryo, before the 20th to 26th week of gestation and without provoking it. In other words, it occurs for purely natural causes.
In many cases, miscarriage occurs very early, in early pregnancy, so we do not even know we were pregnant. In this case, menstruation is slightly delayed and arrives more abundant. and with a stronger pain in the uterus than usual, as this opens a little to expel the remains of the embryo through menstruation.
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It is somewhat difficult to find the causes of this type of abortion, taking into account that many times we do not even notice it, but it is known that may be due to diseases or malformations in our reproductive system, medications that we are taking at the time of ovulation.It is known that it may be due to diseases or malformations in our reproductive system, medications we are taking at the time, chromosomal alterations of the fetus or infections.
Likewise, alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking, drug use or stress can increase the chances of having a miscarriage.
2. Missed abortion or missed abortion
This is another type of miscarriage, as the fetus dies naturally inside our uterus and stays there without being and remains there, without being expelled for weeks. We only realize that we have a missed abortion through an ultrasound that shows that the fetal heart has stopped beating, otherwise, we think that our pregnancy is still normal.
When we detect this type of miscarriage, the doctor must intervene with medication or surgically to remove the remains of the fetus that were not expelled.
3. Septic or infection abortion
Septic abortion is another type of miscarriage that occurs when the placenta or placenta occurs when an infection develops in the placenta or fetus that kills the fetus. that kills the fetus. It is also possible to call as septic abortion the infection that we suffer in our reproductive system as a result of the remains of an abortion or by the injuries that it could not have left in its realization.
4. Induced abortion
In general, induced abortion is an abortion that we voluntarily induce on ourselves. or with full knowledge of it in order to terminate the pregnancy and prevent birth. This is the type of abortion that generates the most controversy culturally, due to the beliefs surrounding the life of the fetus and the freedom or lack of freedom that women have over their bodies.
The following types of abortion are derived from induced abortion.
5. Therapeutic abortion
This is the type of abortion that is practiced when the pregnancy becomes a very high risk for our health and survival. and survival, so it is necessary to terminate it as soon as possible. It is the same case when we have to terminate the pregnancy because the fetus comes with malformations or serious diseases that may affect its life at birth.
6. Legal abortion
Another way to classify the types of abortion is in terms of its legality. In this case, it depends on the laws of each country as to the types of abortion that can be performed. In general countries with legal abortion accept that it may be performed in some cases, whether therapeutic abortion (fetal malformations or life-threatening to the mother) or as a consequence of rape.In some countries, abortion is legal, whether it is a therapeutic abortion (malformations of the fetus or that endanger the life of the mother) or as a consequence of rape.
Currently, several countries have passed laws that allow abortion freely without the need for it to be performed only in the cases mentioned above. However, each country has decided a limit of weeks of gestation in which abortions can be performed by voluntary decision. For example, in Spain it must be performed within the first 14 weeks of gestation by accredited health centers.
7. Illegal abortion
We speak of illegal abortion when we have to have any type of abortion clandestinely, that is to say, outside the law. This usually in countries where voluntary abortion is not permitted..
Illegal abortion is highly dangerous, as there is no guarantee about the place and the person performing the procedure, which can result in serious infections, diseases and even death of women.
8. Pharmacological abortion
Within the classification of types of abortion we can also consider the means by which the abortion is performed. In the case of pharmacological abortion drugs are used to terminate the pregnancy and it turns out to be the safest method of all.
9. Surgical abortion
This type of abortion uses mechanical means to terminate the pregnancy and remove the fetus from the woman’s body. The mechanical or surgical methods include aspiration of the fetus, scraping and injection of substances that allow parts of the fetus to be removed. Surgical abortion, if not performed properly, can have serious consequences for the woman’s health.
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Devereux, George (1976). A Study of Abortion in Primitive Societies. International Universities Press.
Hartmann, Betsy (1995). Reproductive Rights and Wrongs: The Global Politics of Population Control. South End Press.
WHO (2005). The World Health Report 2005: Make every mother and child count. Geneva: World Health Organization.