It is more than clear that we are all different in the way we are, the way we act, the way we feel, the way we express ourselves and the way we think. However, there are certain traits and aspects of our personality that we share that we share with other people, which is why psychology has been able to make a differentiation in personality types.
Some have more spontaneous and adventurous personalities, others are more introspective and shy, so what is yours? We tell you all about the 16 personality types according to the Myers – Briggs Indicator.
The Myers-Briggs indicator and different personalities
Personality is that which brings together our behavioral behavioral patterns, our emotional and cognitive traits that are there in us throughout our that are there in us throughout our lives. What the Myers-Briggs Indicator does is that it classifies those traits and patterns into 16 different personality types in which it explores the most important and unique aspects of each one in a global way.
To achieve this, the Myers-Briggs Indicator does a based on criteria about our personality previously established by the psychologist and psychoanalyst established earlier by psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Jung, and the differences in people in this way:
- How we focus our attention or get our energy: Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I).
- How we perceive or take in information: Intuition (N) or Sensation (S)
- How we prefer to make our decisions: Thinking (T) or Feeling (F).
- How we orient ourselves to the outside world: Judgment (J) or Perception (P)
When we take the test, we answer the questions posed to us from our own perception of who we are ourselves, our way of feeling, thinking and being.What we answer leans to a greater or lesser extent towards one of the 8 aspects of personality and at the end these answers are grouped and with them it is established which of the 16 personality types is ours.
Does the Myers-Briggs indicator really work?
The truth is that there has been a lot of controversy surrounding the test. For example, even today many organizations still use it in their selection processes to find aspects of people’s personalities that make them more unique, looking for what is most essential in each person and what best defines them. In this sense it is a very attractive tool.
On the other hand, there are those who reject the Myers-Briggs indicator because they say that the personality types are abstract and ambiguous and are not based on a scientific method, but on Carl Jung’s theories, which are insufficient to be able to truly define and isolate personality patterns. to actually define and isolate personality patterns..
Those who reject it also argue that in this type of test what can happen is that we sympathize with various personality types by the description, but not really because we are.
The 16 personality types according to the Myers-Briggs indicator
In any case, whether you belong to the group that accepts the indicator or rejects it, taking the test and knowing the 16 types of personalities is quite interesting to reflect on ourselves and how our personality is structured. how our personality is structured.
1. ESTJ (Extraversion Sensation Sensation Thought Judgment)
It is the personality type of the executive or inspector. These are people who like to be in control; they are excellent managers of both things and people; they are practical, like to organize and manage activities.
2. ESTP (Extraversion Sensation Sensation Thought Perception)
Those who belong to this personality type are also called entrepreneurs or group promoters. They are intelligent and full of energyThey are spontaneous, cheerful and active. They tend to be leaders and exercise dominance, because they are charismatic and perceptive.
3. ESFJ (Extraversion Sensation Feeling Judgment)
Also called providers, they are cooperative, expressive, sociable, popular and considerate people. They are there always ready to help and to take care of their close circle. As they like their circle to be well, they may avoid strong conflicts and are very diplomatic in their arguments.
4. ESFP (Extraversion Sensation Feeling Perception)
It is of the personality types that entertainers and group entertainers have, They are people who like to entertain themselves and others.. They are fun, cheerful, spontaneous and very energetic. They are unconventional and look for creative ways to satisfy their needs. They are excellent team players.
5. ISTJ (Introversion Sensation Sensation Thinking Judgment)
Facts are very important for this personality type as they are people with a high sense of morality. people with a high sense of morality and duty and duty so they are extremely trustworthy. Whatever they do has to make sense to them and they put all their energy into it, but if it is not relevant to them they don’t do it. They like to plan and implement systems of rules so that they function logically and clearly.
6. ISTP (Introversion Sensation Sensation Thinking Perception)
This is one of the calm personality types, with a special interest in understanding how systems work. They are excellent at analyzing situations, finding the problem and coming up with practical solutions. While they are reserved they are reserved peopleThey are spontaneous and very observant. They have a penchant for high-risk activities that fill them with adrenaline.
7. ISFJ (Introversion Sensation Feeling Judgment)
We could call them the defenders and protectors of the group. They are attentive, observant and cooperative people who care about the welfare of others and are really happy to help those in need. Their fulfillment is the security of others.
They are not very good in positions of authority, preferring to do the work themselves and are not very ambitious, so when it comes to asking for compensation for their sacrifices at work they take it as something that should be part of the job itself.
8. ISFP (Introversion Sensation Feeling Perception)
Adventurous and composers of their own lives, are quiet people who live at their own pace and in the moment.. They are always looking for novelty and situations that stimulate their senses so it is a personality type very typical of artists. Their values are very important to them and they don’t need to debate them or share their point of view. They are cheerful, spontaneous, warm and concerned about their people.
9. ENTJ (Extroversion Intuition Intuition Thought Judgment)
Commanders, leaders of the group, are strong-willed, bold and imaginative people who are always setting a course and adapting to change as the environment changes. They are one of the personality types that perform best in leadership and assertiveness. They have very agile and strategic thinking and are good communicators of their ideas.
10. ENTP (Extroverted Intuition Intuition Thinking Perception)
Innovators or inventors are extremely curious and have a fascinating mental agility.. They are people who love to respond to intellectually stimulating questions, like challenges of this type and can be competitive. If innovative solutions are needed, these are the people to get them.
11. ENFJ (Extroverted Intuition Feeling Judgment)
They are those protagonists, such as teachers who are charismatic leaders and who manage to be really listened to by their audience. They are people who expect the best from those around them and motivate them to achieve it. They are good communicators, expressive and cooperative. They are quite creative and are able to improvise very well when they have not been able to organize or plan something as they like. They are good at influencing the behavior of others.
12. ENFP (Extroverted Intuition Feeling Perception)
This is one of the personality types most inclined to sociability, the arts and creative thinking. They are cheerful and positive people who are always laughing, free-spirited, very sociable, and very sociable.They are free-spirited, very sociable and creative. They are very good at motivating others, inviting them to participate in their convictions. They are activists, and get involved in collective tasks in which they can help others, seeking to have a social impact.
13. INTJ (Introversion Intuition Intuition Thinking Judgment)
We speak of masterminds or architects of thought, because they are imaginative and very strategic thinkers, very good at reasoning and solving problems through analysis. They are people who see the world through their own ideas and these ideas are the center of their thinking. They are very confident in their own judgment and love knowledge, so it is quite possible that they are experts in some area.
14. INTP (Introversion Intuition Intuition Thought Perception)
This is a much more reflective personality type, although as in the previous one they also have an unquenchable thirst for knowledge. They are people who explain everything that happens on the basis of theories, which they value much more than theories.This is something they value much more than solving concrete problems. They can be perfectionists and may go around correcting others all the time.
15. INFJ (Introversion Intuition Intuition Feeling Judgement)
They are those people we consider to be counselors. They are gentle, kind, sensitive, reserved and cooperative. They are very intuitive and empathetic and listen actively so they are able to communicate well with others in a personalized way. They read the emotions of others very well and are prone to both reflection and action.
16. INFP (Introversion Intuition Intuition Feeling Perception)
This is one of the personality types of people we see as mediators who are concerned with helping good causes, although with a less moralistic sense than INFJs. They are creative people with a very remarkable aesthetic and artistic sensibility, as well as altruistic and altruistic people.They are also altruistic and very kind people.