We all die sooner or later, but some people stop living because of suicide.. While most people want to live the longer the better, people who commit suicide usually see it differently.
However, there are many types of suicide as we will see, being able to classify this act in different ways. We will see that the motivation, the social factor, the method or the planning behind each type of suicide are particular in each case.
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Types of suicide according to the criterion used
Usually a person decides to take his or her own life because of some state of despair and inability to go on with his or her life.. They conclude that this option is a way to free themselves from some kind of suffering, although most of us know that there are always ways out and that life is a gift. If it is not living in one way we can live in another.
If our way of living makes us deeply unhappy, we must change things so that things can go differently.. To leave behind senseless pressures that society imposes on us, traumas of the past that should no longer be present or future, … in short, to embrace life from another face. It is sad to see that there are those who choose one of the following 10 types of suicide.
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Types of suicide according to method
People who decide to end their lives differ in their choice of method, depending on whether they want to feel more or less pain, motivation, intentionality, available means, etc. according to whether they want to feel more or less pain, motivation, intentionality, available means, etc.
The list of methods that a person can use to commit suicide would give an endless list, and precisely for this reason we have grouped them according to their severity and the situation in which they occur.
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There are very drastic and painful options that can end the life of a human being.and some people choose one of these options.
Among them are electrocution, the use of firearms, drowning, setting oneself on fire, cutting oneself with a knife and bleeding, hanging oneself, crashing with a car, jumping from a very high place, etc.
2. Less severe
There are ways to mitigate pain despite causing death.. The strategy is the search for those forms that do not stimulate the sensitive nerves.
Basically they focus on the abuse of chemical substances, especially drugs. It is fortunate that in many cases the person does not achieve his purpose and then has a second chance to live. There are many people who finally manage to find meaning in their lives despite having experienced a failed suicide attempt, because situations can be reversed.
There are people who end their lives even more tragically if possible.. These are usually people who suffer from psychopathic disorders and who cannot think too much about what they are doing. An example of this are people who suffer from schizophrenia and may even bite themselves until they bleed to death.
Types of suicide according to motivation
The reasons that may lead a person to take such a drastic measure as ending his or her life can be manifold.. The following are the most common among those who decide to commit suicide.
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In principle, this is the basic purpose sought when one commits suicide, since one seeks to no longer be part of this world. Generally, they are people who suffer a lot and cannot find a way to get out of their situation.. It may be due to lack of social, professional, family, etc. fulfillment.
It is necessary to remember that all the stimuli that surround us are not neutral. We are ultimately the ones who decide what is terrible or what is obviously not. or what is something that we obviously do not like, but that we accept. Searching for solutions to obtain different results is vital to have a well-lived and even pleasant life.
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5. Desperation for attention
There are people who are so out of place in their lives and have such a lack of social attention that they no longer know what to do to appease their desperation.. They do not know how to appease their discomfort and do not know how to feel accompanied by other people.
In these cases, most of the time they do not really want to end their own lives, although it would be a collateral damage that could occur and that they generally accept.
There are suicides that have been orchestrated by the same person who ends up dying but to end up looking like a natural accident or a murder.. This should not surprise us, because sometimes this last act is so radical that the person seeks to fulfill a goal he or she had in life.
An example may be wanting to blame someone else. This can happen in cases of revenge for someone who considers that he or she no longer has much to lose (as in advanced cases of terminal cancer). It has also happened at times when a person wanted to get money to his or her family by collecting life insurance.
There are people who are so emotionally tormented and feel so much resentment towards other people close to them that they decide to commit suicide to make them feel bad.. It is a very twisted way and is usually part of a conclusion of a person suffering from a paranoid affective disorder.
The ultimate desire of the person who commits suicide, therefore, is to make someone feel guilty. You want this person to suffer psychological damage as a result of him or her taking his or her own life.
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There are more or less spontaneous situations in which a person feels that he or she should do an altruistic act and act for the benefit of the group or another person.. This type of death in which the person decides his or her fate in these circumstances would not occur if the situation were not extreme and the welfare of other people were at stake.
An example might be if someone sees that a loved one is about to be shot imminently. The person could altruistically protect another by sacrificing himself so that this person would have a chance to live.
9. Balance of life
Some people decide to stop living after having fought a very important fight to stay alive.. Generally it is people who consider that they have lived their life and that now it is time to step aside.
It is related to euthanasia by its nature, and could be the case of some terminally ill, seriously disabled or elderly people with very poor health or life condition.
10. Collective or extended
There are situations in which a group of people may decide to commit suicide jointly.. This can happen in extreme situations, such as in a war situation. A group may be completely surrounded by the enemy and decide to end their lives before falling into the hands of the enemy.
Another possibility is that a person decides to commit suicide and ends up dragging other people into the act. The nature of the phenomenon can be disparate, but it can happen for example in sects in which the leader decides that it is the way to go and ends up leading the group to suicide.
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Counts, D.A. (1991) Suicide in Different Ages From a Cross-cultural Perspective, 215-230. En Life Perspectives of Suicide: Time-Lines in the Suicide Process, Antoon Leenaars, ed. New York: Plenum Press.
Kral, M.J. (1998). Suicide and the Internalization of Culture: Three Questions. Transcultural Psychiatry, 35(2), 221-233.
Staples, J. y Widger, T. (2012). Ethnographies of Suicide: Anthropological Approaches to Understanding Self-Harm and Self-Inflected Death. Special issue of Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 36 (2), 11-18.