At one time or another in life virtually everyone has to deal with some psychological problem.. These types of affectations generally involve a certain type of dysfunctionality when it comes to carrying out our lives. In some cases they go no further, but in others it can be the beginning of a psychological disorder.
Fortunately, professionals in psychological therapy can provide very good solutions. They help to prevent these cases from becoming entrenched and degenerating into one of the most common psychological disorders in adults. Over time they become increasingly difficult for the affected person to cope with.
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The 10 most common mental problems and psychological disorders in adulthood.
We are talking about psychological disorders when certain psychological problems trigger dysfunctions that condition our day-to-day life.. Our mind is very demanding in the society in which we live, and it is not strange that some people find themselves in trouble when it comes to their mind being able to solve and get through certain situations.
People are becoming more and more aware of this and the stigma of having a psychological disorder as an adult is starting to disappear. After all, according to scientific studies, one in three people will have to face this problem at some point in their lives.
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1. Depressive disorder
People who develop a depressive disorder feel a great deal of despair.. Feelings of unhappiness, frustration and disappointment are felt day after day, having a great impact on the person’s thoughts and behavior. The discouragement they feel leads them to inhibit their usual activity, impacting their family, social and even professional life on some occasions. It can cause insomnia, fatigue, malaise and other types of somatization.
2. Specific phobia disorder
Adults suffering from this type of psychological disorder have great irrational fears.. For example, someone may be afraid of spiders or tigers. It is believed that having these types of fears may have been an evolutionary advantage for our ancestors. The same goes for vertigo. Those who were not exposed to high altitudes were more likely to survive, and this condition would have been passed down through the generations.
- Related article: “The 20 strangest phobias of the human being”.
3. Generalized anxiety disorder
We all have worries that appear in our day to day, but there are people who worry and feel anxiety in a way out of the ordinary. Generalized anxiety disorder makes it impossible to live without having a continuous uneasiness.. There is always something to worry about, whether academic, work, family, etc.. It produces insomnia, tension and muscular problems, fatigue, concentration problems, etc.
4. Bipolar disorder
People suffering from bipolar disorder show very exaggerated moods.. In addition, it can go from a great depression to a great exaltation in a very short time. Everyone has mood swings, but we are talking about a real emotional instability that can have great consequences in a person’s life. It is a psychological disorder that is much more common than we think in adults.
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5. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
People suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder suffer a lot of anxiety due to their obsessive thoughts.. These thoughts degenerate into terrifying ideas that cause anguish and fear, generating stress to an individual who gradually develops a series of dysfunctional behaviors called rituals. These allow him/her to mitigate stress, but they greatly condition the quality of life. An example would be the fear of being infected or contaminated by contact with people or objects.
6. Anorexia nervosa
The profile of a person suffering from anorexia nervosa may have points in common with obsessive-compulsive disorder. In anorexia nervosa there is a psychological problem in which the body’s self-image is greatly altered.. In order to lose weight they are able to eat less (hiding food, restricting certain foods, etc) and do a lot of exercise to try to lose weight. This disorder generates much psychological discomfort, and obviously has serious repercussions at physical level or even fatal.
- Related article: “What is the difference between anorexia and bulimia”.
7. Delusional disorder
In the delusional disorder the person has false beliefs in some aspect of his life.. For example, extreme jealousy towards other members of his family. An affectively charged disorder of this type may not initially have many consequences in other areas of life. Unfortunately, a “snowball” effect usually results, and personal, social and professional life becomes more and more complicated.
Agoraphobia is commonly known as the fear of open spaces, although this is not a picture of the whole picture.although this is not an entirely accurate image. The agoraphobic is a person who at some point has suffered a panic attack in a public place and is afraid of suffering it again. They may suffer from this anxiety even in enclosed spaces, and are uneasy about being surrounded by people and finding themselves unattended in a place from which they cannot easily leave.
- To learn more about agoraphobia we recommend: “Agoraphobia: causes, symptoms and treatment”.
9. Borderline personality disorder
People with borderline personality disorder have many doubts and lack of personality.. Anxiety or despair can suddenly take hold of them, and their emotional relationships are very difficult because of the intensity with which they experience them. They are unable to control their extreme emotions and their social relationships and self-image are often damaged as a result.
10. Antisocial disorder
People with antisocial disorder have great difficulties in following pre-established rules.. They may be more or less aware of them, but their impulsivity prevents them from leading a life like others. It is common for them to end up committing crimes, as their behavior is difficult to correct even though they know they are acting badly. They end up feeling very afraid of being rejected.
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